Abnormal growth of cells that form in the stomach leads to Stomach cancer. Gastric cancer is the other name of Stomach Cancer. Pre-cancerous changes often take place in the inner lining (mucosa) of the stomach before actually, true cancer develops. These early changes rarely have symptoms, so they are undetected.
Cancers starting in different sections of the stomach can cause different symptoms and tend to have different outcomes. Cancer’s location can also affect treatment options. For stomach cancer usually, the treatment includes Surgery. Before and after the surgery other treatments might be recommended.
Factors that increase the risk of stomach cancer include:
Gastroesophageal reflux disease
A diet high in salty and smoked foods
A diet low in fruits and vegetables
Family history of stomach cancer
Infection with Helicobacter pylori
Long-term stomach inflammation (gastritis)
Signs and symptoms of stomach cancer may include:
Treatment options for stomach cancer depend on cancer’s location, stage and aggressiveness.
Surgery: The goal of surgery is to remove all of the cancer and some of the healthy tissue around it. Operations used for stomach cancer include:
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy can be given before surgery to help shrink cancer so that it can be more easily removed or after surgery to kill any cancer cells that might remain in the body. It is often combined with radiation therapy. Chemotherapy may be used alone or with targeted drug therapy in people with advanced stomach cancer.
Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy can be used before surgery to shrink cancer so that it’s more easily removed or after surgery to kill any cancer cells that might remain. Radiation therapy is often combined with chemotherapy. For advanced stomach cancer that can’t be removed with surgery, radiation therapy may be used to relieve side effects, such as pain or bleeding, caused by growing cancer.
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