It begins in the kidneys. Renal cell carcinoma is among the most common Type of Kidney Cancer which might be diagnosed in adults. Kidney Cancer named Wilms’ tumor is likely to be developed in young children. A reason for this might be Computerised Tomography (CT) since such scans are being used more often. The accidental discovery of more kidney cancers is possible with these kinds of tests. Kidney cancer can be discovered at an early stage when the cancer is small and is limited to the kidney.
Factors that can increase the risk of kidney cancer include:
Older age. Your risk of kidney cancer increases as your age.
Smoking. Smokers have a greater risk of kidney cancer than nonsmokers do. The risk decreases after you quit
Obesity. People who are obese have a higher risk of kidney cancer than people who are considered to have a healthy weight.
High blood pressure (hypertension). High blood pressure increases your risk of kidney cancer.
Treatment for kidney failure. People who receive long-term dialysis to treat chronic kidney failure have a greater risk of developing kidney cancer.
Certain inherited syndromes. People who are born with certain inherited syndromes may have an increased risk of kidney cancer, such as those who have von Hippel-Lindau disease, Birt-Hogg-Dube syndrome, tuberous sclerosis complex, hereditary papillary renal cell carcinoma or familial renal cancer.
Family history of kidney cancer. The risk of kidney cancer is higher if close family members have had the disease.
Kidney cancer usually doesn’t have signs or symptoms in its early stages. In time, signs and symptoms may develop, including:
The best approach may depend on a number of factors, including general health, the kind of kidney cancer , whether the cancer has spread or confined to kidney and preferences for treatment.
Surgery for early kidney cancer: The goal is to remove the cancer while preserving normal kidney function, when possible.
Nonsurgical treatments: Small kidney cancers are sometimes destroyed using nonsurgical treatments, such as heat [Radiofrequency ablation] and cold [cryotherapy].
Treatments for advanced and recurrent kidney cancer