The cells that line the inside of the esophagus, Esophageal cancer mostly starts in that place. The deep tissues and muscle of the esophagus can be affected by the growth of the tumor. It can appear where the esophagus and the stomach meet or anywhere along the length of the esophagus. Worldwide, It is counted to be the sixth most common cause of cancer deaths.
It’s thought that chronic irritation of esophagus may contribute to the changes that cause esophageal cancer. Factors that cause irritation in the cells of esophagus and increase risk of esophageal cancer include:
Gator oesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
Precancerous changes in the cells of the esophagus (Barrett’s esophagus)
Difficulty swallowing because of an esophageal sphincter that won’t relax (achalasia)
A habit of drinking very hot liquids
Not eating enough fruits and vegetables
Undergoing radiation treatment to the chest or upper abdomen
Esophageal cancer treatment options depends on the type of cells involved , cancer stage, overall health and preferences for treatment. This includes Surgery, Chemotherapy or Chemoradiotherapy.