Being exposed to human papillomavirus(HPV)
A weakened immune system: such as those who’ve undergone organ transplant, or infected with human immunodeficiency virus [HIV] have an increased risk of vulvar cancer.
A history of precancerous conditions of the vulva.
A skin condition involving the vulva. Lichen sclerosus, which causes the vulvar skin to become thin and itchy, increases the risk of vulvar cancer.
Signs and symptoms of vulvar cancer may include:
Treatment options for vulvar cancer depend on the type, stage, and location of your cancer, as well as your overall health and your preferences. treatment typically includes surgery [excision or vulvectomy with sentinel node biopsy or lymph nodal dissection]. Radiation therapy is used to shrink large vulvar cancers to make it more likely that surgery will be successful. It can be considered in first place for surgical candidates. Radiation therapy is sometimes combined with chemotherapy, which can make cancer cells more vulnerable to radiation.